Zobel, C.W., N. Altay, and M. Haselkorn (eds.) Advances in Managing Humanitarian Operations. International Series in Operations Research & Management Science, Vol. 235. Springer, 2016.

Selected publications:

Davis, Z., C.W. Zobel, L. Khansa, and R. Glick. "Emergency Department Resilience to Disaster Level Overcrowding: A Component Resilience Framework for Analysis and Predictive Modeling," Accepted by Journal of Operations Management, Feb. 2019.

Ge, Y., C.W. Zobel, P. Murray-Tuite, H. Wang, and R. Nateghi. "Building an Interdisciplinary Team for Disaster Response Research: A Data-driven Approach," Accepted by Risk Analysis: An International Journal, Jan. 2019.

Zobel, C.W. and M. Baghersad, "Analytically Comparing Disaster Resilience across Multiple Dimensions," Accepted by Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Dec. 2018.

Arnette, A. N., C. W. Zobel. "A Risk-Based Approach to Improving Disaster Relief Asset Pre-Positioning," Production and Operations Management, 2018,

Banuls-Silvera, V., M. Jennex, F. Benaben, and C.W. Zobel, "Research in Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management," accepted by the International Journal of Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management, Feb. 2018.

Chacko, J., C.W. Zobel, and L.P. Rees, "Challenges of Modeling Community-Driven Disaster Operations Management in Disaster Recurrent Areas: The Example of Portsmouth, Virginia," ISCRAM 2018 - Visualizing Crisis (Rochester, NY: May 2018).

MacDonald, J., C.W. Zobel, S.A. Melnyk, and S. Griffis, "Supply Chain Risk and Resilience: Theory Building through Structured Experiments and Simulation", International Journal of Production Research, 56(12), 2018, 4337-4355. DOI: 10.1080/00207543.2017.1421787

Zobel, C.W., M. Baghersad, and Y. Zhang, "Calling 311: Evaluating the performance of municipal services after disasters," ISCRAM 2017 - Agility is coming (Albi, France: May 2017).

LaLone, N., A.H. Tapia, C. Caragea, and C.W. Zobel, "Embracing Human Noise as Resilience Indicator: Twitter as Power Grid Correlate," Sustainable and Resilient Infrastructure 2(4), 2017, 169-178.

Li, Y., C.W. Zobel, and R.S. Russell, "Value of supply disruption information and information accuracy," Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 23(3), 2017, 191-201.

Barker, K., J.H. Lambert, C.W. Zobel, A. Tapia, J.E. Ramirez-Marquez, L.A. McClay, C.D. Nicholson, and C. Caragea, "Defining Resilience Analytics for Interdependent Cyber-Physical-Social Networks," Sustainable and Resilient Infrastructure 2(2), 2017, pp. 59–67.

Li, Y. and C.W. Zobel, "Small Businesses and Social Media Usage in the 2013 Colorado Floods," ISCRAM 2016 – Resilience by all means (Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: May 2016).

Chacko, J., L.P. Rees, C.W. Zobel, T.R. Rakes, R.S. Russell, and C.T. Ragsdale, "Decision support for long-range, community-based planning to mitigate against and recover from potential multiple disasters," Decision Support Systems, 87, 2016, 13-25.

Arnette, A. and C.W. Zobel, "Investigation of Material Convergence in the September 2013 Colorado Floods," Natural Hazards Review, 17(2), 2016.

MacKenzie, C.A. and C.W. Zobel. "Allocating resources to enhance resilience, with application to Superstorm Sandy and an electric utility," Risk Analysis, 36(4), 2016, 847-862.

Zhang, Y., W. Drake, Y. Li, C.W. Zobel, and M. Cowell. "Fostering Community Resilience through Adaptive Learning in a Social Media Age: Municipal Twitter Use in New Jersey following Hurricane Sandy," Proceedings of the 12th International ISCRAM Conference (Kristiansand, Norway: May, 2015)

Li, Y. and C.W. Zobel. "Evaluating the Value of Disruption Information for Mitigating Supply Chain Risks," 2015 POMS Annual Conference (Washington, DC: May 2015)

Baghersad, M. and C.W. Zobel. "Economic impact of production bottlenecks caused by disasters impacting interdependent industry sectors" International Journal of Production Economics, 168, 2015, 71-80.

Zobel, C.W. and L.Z. Khansa. "Characterizing multi-event disaster resilience," Computers & Operations Research - special issue on MCDM in Emergency Management, 42, 2014, 83-94.

Chacko, J.C., L.P. Rees, and C.W. Zobel, "Improving Resource Allocation for Disaster Operations Management in a Multi-Hazard Context," Proceedings of the 11th International ISCRAM Conference (University Park, PA: May, 2014), pp. 83-87.

Pant, R., K. Barker, and C.W. Zobel, "Static and dynamic metrics of economic resilience for interdependent infrastructure and industry sectors," Reliability Engineering & System Safety, 125(1), 2014, 92-102. Available on-line at:

Zobel, C.W., "Quantitatively Representing Non-linear Disaster Recovery," Decision Sciences, 45(6), 2014, 1053–1082.

Dottore, M.L. and C.W. Zobel, "Analyzing Economic Indicators of Disaster Resilience Following Hurricane Katrina," International Journal of Business Analytics, 1(1), 2014, 67-83.

Melnyk, S., C.W. Zobel, S. Griffis, and J. MacDonald, "Making Sense of Transient Responses in Simulation Studies: An Approach for Interpreting Transient Response Time Series Data," International Journal of Production Research, 52(3), 2014, 617-632.

Seref, O. and C.W. Zobel, "Recursive Voids for Identifying a Nonconvex Boundary of a Set of Points in the Plane," Pattern Recognition, 46(12), 2013, 3288-3299.

Zobel, C.W., "Analytically comparing disaster recovery following the 2012 derecho," Proceedings of the 10th International ISCRAM Conference (Baden-Baden, Germany: May, 2013).

Falasca, M. and C.W. Zobel, "An Optimization Model for Volunteer Assignments in Humanitarian Organizations," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences - Special Issue: Disaster Planning and Logistics: Part 2, 46(4), 2012, 250-260.

Bosch, D., J. Pease, M.L. Wolfe, C.W. Zobel, J. Osorio, T. Denckla Cobb, and G. Evanylo, "Community DECISIONS: Stakeholder Focused Watershed Planning," Journal of Environmental Management, 112, 2012, 226-232.

Arnette, A.N. and C.W. Zobel, "An Optimization Model for Regional Renewable Energy Development," Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16(7), 2012, 4606-4615.

Khansa, L.Z., Zobel, C.W., and G. Goicochea, "Creating a Taxonomy for Mobile Commerce Innovations using Social Network and Cluster Analyses," International Journal of Electronic Commerce - special issue on M-commerce, Summer 2012, 16(4), 19-52.

Zobel, C.W., Melnyk, S., Griffis, S., and J. MacDonald, "Characterizing Disaster Resistance and Recovery using Outlier Detection," Proceedings of the 9th International ISCRAM Conference (Vancouver, BC: April, 2012).

Zobel, C.W. and L.Z. Khansa, "Quantifying Cyberinfrastructure Resilience against Multi-event Attacks," Decision Sciences, 43 (4), 2012, 687-710.

Arnette, A.N. and C.W. Zobel, "The Role of Public Policy in Optimizing Renewable Energy Development in the Greater Southern Appalachian Mountains," Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(8), 2011, 3690-3702.

Falasca, M. and C.W. Zobel, "A Two-Stage Procurement Model for Humanitarian Relief Supply Chains," Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, 1(2), 2011, 151-169.

Zobel, C.W., "Representing the Multi-Dimensional Nature of Disaster Resilience," ISCRAM 2011 - From Early-Warning Systems to Preparedness and Training (Lisbon, Portugal: May 2011).

Arnette, A.N. and C.W. Zobel, "Spatial Analysis of Renewable Energy Potential in the Greater Southern Appalachian Mountains," Renewable Energy, 36(11), 2011, 2785-2798.

Zobel, C.W. and D.F. Cook, "Evaluation of neural network variable influence measures for process control," Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, 24(5), 2011, 803-812.

Zobel, C.W., "Representing perceived tradeoffs in defining disaster resilience," Decision Support Systems, 50(2), 2011, 394-403.

Falasca, M., C.W. Zobel, and C.T. Ragsdale, "Helping a Small Development Aid Organization Manage Volunteers More Efficiently," Interfaces, 41(3), 2011.

Zobel, C.W., "Supporting disaster resilience: Information technology and emergence in multi-organizational networks," Journal of Emergency Management, 9 (special issue 1), 2011, 47-52.

Zobel, C.W., "Comparative visualization of predicted disaster resilience," ISCRAM 2010 - Defining Crisis Management 3.0 (Seattle, WA: May 2010).

Fetter, G., M. Falasca, C.W. Zobel, T.R. Rakes, "A Multi-stage Decision Model for Debris Disposal Operations," ISCRAM 2010 - Defining Crisis Management 3.0 (Seattle, WA: May 2010).

Arnette, A., C.W. Zobel, D. Bosch, J. Pease, and T. Metcalfe, "Stakeholder Ranking of Watershed Goals with the Vector Analytic Hierarchy Process: Effects of Participant Grouping Scenarios," Environmental Modelling and Software - Special Issue: Modeling with Stakeholders, 25(11), 2010, 1459-1469.

Ragsdale, C.T. and C.W. Zobel, "A Simple Approach to Implementing and Training Neural Networks in Excel," Decision Sciences Journal of Innovative Education, 8 (1), 2010, 143-149.

Falasca, M., C.W. Zobel, and G.M. Fetter, "An optimization model for humanitarian relief volunteer management," ISCRAM 2009 - Boundary spanning initiatives and new perspectives (Göteborg, Sweden: May 2009).

Zobel, C.W., J.R. Martin, II, and C.G. Olgun, "Disaster risk management for critical infrastructure: a services-based viewpoint," International Journal of Services Sciences, 2 (2), 2009, 189-205.

Zobel, C.W., "The use of information and communication technologies in support of dynamic partnerships for disaster resilience," in Exploring Innovative and Sustainable Approaches to Improve Community Resilience in Disaster Prevention and Response, Invited Symposium - International Disaster and Risk Conference (IDRC) 2008, Davos, Switzerland, Aug. 29-30, 2008.

Zobel, C.W. and G.A. Wang, "Topic Maps for Improving Services in Disaster Operations Management," Journal of Service Science, 1 (1), 2008, 83-92.

Falasca, M., C.W. Zobel, and D.F. Cook, "A Decision Support Framework to Assess Supply Chain Resilience," ISCRAM (Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management) 2008 - Creating Advanced Systems for Inter-organizational Information Sharing and Collaboration (Washington, D.C.: May 2008), pp. 596-605.

King, M.A. and C.W. Zobel, "Applying the R4 Framework of Resilience: Information Technology Disaster Risk Management at Northrop Grumman," Proceedings of the 38th Annual Meeting of the Southeast Decision Sciences Institute (Orlando, FL: February 2008).

Russell, R. S. and C.W. Zobel, "Bringing Service Sciences into the Curriculum." In B. Hefley, & W. Murphy (Eds.), Service Science, Management and Engineering: Education for the 21st Century: Springer, 2008, 137-140.

Zobel, C.W. and K.B. Keeling, "Neural network-based simulation metamodels for predicting probability distributions," Computers & Industrial Engineering, 54 (4), 2008, 879-888.

Zobel, C.W., Cook, D.F., and C.T. Ragsdale, "Data-driven classification using boundary observations," Decision Sciences, 37 (2), 2006, 247-262.

Scheibe, K.P., Mennecke, B.E., and C.W. Zobel, "Creating Offshore-ready IT Professionals: A Global Perspective and Strong Collaborative Skills Are Needed," Journal of Labor Research, 27 (3), 2006, 275-290.

Cook, D.F., Zobel, C.W., and M.L. Wolfe, "Environmental statistical process control using an augmented neural network classification approach," European Journal of Operational Research, 174 (3), 2006, 1631-1642.

Goel, A.M., Zobel, C.W., and E.C. Jones, "A multi-agent system for supporting the electronic contracting of food grains," Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 48(2), 2005, 123-137.

Zobel, C.W., Rakes, T.R., and L.P. Rees, "Automated merging of conflicting knowledge bases, using a consistent, majority-rule approach with knowledge-form maintenance," Computers & Operations Research, 32(7), 2005, 1809-1829.

Zobel, C.W. and W.T. Scherer, "An empirical study of policy convergence in Markov decision process value iteration," Computers & Operations Research, 32(1), 2005, 127-142.

Ragsdale, C.T. and C.W. Zobel, "The Ordered Cutting Stock Problem," Decision Sciences, 35(1), 2004, 81-98.

Zobel, C.W., Cook, D.F., and Q.J. Nottingham, "An augmented neural network classification approach to detecting mean shifts in correlated manufacturing process parameters," International Journal of Production Research, 42(4), 2004, 741-758.

Cook, D.F., Zobel, C.W., and Q.J. Nottingham, "Excel-based application of data visualization techniques for process monitoring in the forest products industry," Forest Products Journal, 54(5), 2004, 57-65.

Zobel, C.W. and W.T. Scherer, "Simulation-based Policy Generation with Large-scale Markov Decision Processes," IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man & Cybernetics - Part A: Systems and Humans, 31(6), 2001, 609-622.

Nottingham, Q.J., Cook, D.F., and C.W. Zobel, "Visualization of multivariate data with radial plots using SAS," Computers & Industrial Engineering, 41(1), 2001, 17-35.

Cook, D.F., Zobel, C.W., and Q.J. Nottingham, "Utilization of Neural Networks for the Recognition of Variance Shifts in Manufacturing Process Parameters," International Journal of Production Research, 39(17), 2001, 3881-3887.

Zobel, C.W., Ragsdale, C.T., and L.P. Rees, "Hands-On Learning Experience: Teaching Decision Support Systems Using VBA," OR/MS Today, December 2000, 28-31.

Zobel, C.W., E.C. Jones and P.R. Gupta, "Developing a Decision Support System for Value-Added Production in the Soft Red Winter Wheat Industry," Proceedings of the 31st Annual Decision Sciences Institute Meeting (Orlando, FL: 2000)

Zobel, C.W. and W.T. Scherer, "SMG: A new simulation/optimization approach for large-scale problems," Proceedings of the 1999 Winter Simulation Conference (Phoenix, AZ: 1999)

Zobel, C.W. and K.P. White, Jr., "Determining a warm-up period for a telephone network routing simulation," Proceedings of the 1999 Winter Simulation Conference (Phoenix, AZ: 1999)

Zobel, C.W. and W.T. Scherer, "An Application of Simulation for Large-Scale Markov Decision Processes to a Problem in Telephone Network Routing," Proceedings of the 1998 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics (San Diego, CA: 1998)

Zobel, C.W. and W.T. Scherer, "Simulation for large-scale Markov decision processes," Proceedings of the 1998 IMACS International Multiconference, CESA '98 (Hammamet, Tunisia: 1998) (Invited paper)

Center / Program Participation:

  • Virginia Tech's Disaster Resilience-Interdisciplinary Graduate Education Program - Co-Director
  • Virginia Tech's Global Change Center(GCC) - affiliated faculty member
  • Virginia Tech Institute for Society, Culture and Environment (ISCE) - participating faculty
  • Virginia Tech Center for Geospatial Information Technology - stakeholder committee member
  • Virginia Tech Interdisciplinary Coastal Hazards Research Team (ICHRT) - team member
  • Penn State Center for Crisis, Community, and Civic (3C) Informatics - affiliated faculty member

Funded Research Projects:

"NRT: Disaster Resilience and Risk Management (DRRM) - Creating quantitative decision making frameworks for multi-dimensional and multi-scale analysis of hazard impact," NSF-NRT. Sept 2017 - Aug 2022. Funding amount: $3 Million. PI: R. Weiss; Co-PIs:M. Cowell, J. Irish, C. G. Olgun, M. Paretti, Y. Zhang, C. Zobel.

"Resilience Analytics: A Data-Driven Approach for Enhanced Interdependent Network Resilience," NSF-CRISP Type 2. Oct 2015 - Sep 2018. Funding amount: $2.2 Million. PIs: K. Barker, A. Tapia; Co-PIs: J. Lambert, L. McClay, C. Nicholson, J. Ramirez-Marquez, C. Caragea, C. Zobel.

"Quantifying Natural Disasters' Impact on Neighborhood Transition," Global Forum Summer Grant Program. May 15-August 15, 2016. Funding amount: $15,000. PIs: Y. Zhang, C. Zobel.

"Fostering Community Resilience through Adaptive Learning in a Social Media Age," 2014 RFFC-ISCE Grant Competition. Mar 2014 - Sep 2015. Funding amount: $20,000. PI: Y. Zhang; Co-PIs: M. Cowell, C. Zobel; Students: W. Drake, Y. Li.

"Geotechnical Survey Strategies for Cost-efficient Ocean Renewable Energy Early Site Characterization," ICTAS Junior Faculty Collaborative (JFC) Proposal. Jan 2015 - Dec 2016. Funding amount: $119,077. PI: N. Stark; Co-PI: C. Zobel.

"Building a common language around the dynamic resilience of coastal communities," Virginia Tech Institute for Society, Culture, and the Environment - Global Issues Initiative. Jan 2014 - Dec 2014. Funding amount: $20,000. Co-PIs: C. Zobel, M. Cowell, C.G. Olgun, R. Weiss, Y. Zhang, and M. Ghafory-Ashtiany.

"Sustainable Food Systems: Impacts of Disasters & Relief Efforts on Resilience," Natural Hazards Center Quick Response Grant Program, Fall 2013. PI: R. Budowle; Co-PIS: J. Mittlestaedt, S. Baker, and A. Arnette (University of Wyoming), C. Zobel (Virginia Tech).

"An Empirical Investigation of the Material Convergence Problem," Natural Hazards Center Quick Response Grant Program, Fall 2013. PI: A. Arnette (University of Wyoming); Co-PI: C. Zobel (Virginia Tech)

"Sustainable Community Resilience: Establishing a Link between Inherent and Dynamic Disaster Resilience," Virginia Tech Institute for Society, Culture and Environment. Funding amount: $19,754. Duration: May 8, 2011-June 15, 2011. Co-PIs: C. Zobel, L. Rees, P. Sforza; Student: J. Chacko.

"Collaborative Research: CPATH CB: Living in the KnowlEdge Society (LIKES)," National Science Foundation. Funding amount: $289,999. Duration: 2007-2009. PI: E. Fox; Co-PIs: C. Evia, W. Fan, S. Sheetz, C. Zobel.

"Decision Support to Achieve Watershed Nutrient Balance and Meet Water Quality Goals," USDA-CSREES. Funding amount: $596,397. Duration: 2007-2010. PI: J. Pease; Co-PIs: D. Bosch, M. Wolfe, J. Ogejo, G. Evanylo, K. Knowlton, N. Franz, C. Zobel.

PhD Student advisees:

  • Duygu Pamukçu
    • Subject area: Humanitarian Logistics
  • Milad Baghersad (Visiting Faculty at Cleveland State University)
    • "Firms' Resilience to Supply Chain Disruptions"
  • Yuhong Li (Faculty at Old Dominion University)
    • "Network Structure, Disruption Information and Supply Chain Resilience"
  • Andrew Arnette (Faculty at University of Wyoming)
    • "A Spatial Decision Support System for the Development of Multi-Source Renewable Energy Systems"
  • Mauro Falasca (Faculty at East Carolina University)
    • "Quantitative Decision Models for Humanitarian Logistics"